The rut is the Super Bowl of whitetail hunting. Bucks that typically behave like ghosts are suddenly vulnerable, and your chances of tagging a wall-hanger are at their highest. But whitetails are still whitetails—always cautious and rarely pushovers. So there are plenty of ways you can go wrong. Here are ways you can turn the annual breeding season into a surefire flop.
You don’t start early enough.
Perhaps the most classic screwup is waiting until “things to get good.” Many hunters won’t hit the woods until they see bucks running after does like hounds on a coon. If you wait for the nuttiness, you often end up chasing the action rather than enjoying it. Far better to start early—as in two to three weeks before peak breeding—when mature bucks are laying down sign and moving freely in their core areas. Minnesota hunter (and my neighbor) Dave Olson shot this whopper the last week of October—three weeks before the rut peaked in our area.
You don’t hunt terrain.
Sure, rubs and scrapes are exciting, but never forget that bucks are constantly moving during the rut, and they do so by moving through terrain quickly and efficiently. Funnels like creek bottoms and fence lines that connect distant blocks of cover are perfect examples. I shot this pretty 10-pointer midday, as he moved through a small triangle of timber between doe bedding areas. There was not a rub or scrape within sight.
You don’t shoot enough.
This is one of the easiest, and most common, traps to fall into. After weeks of pre-season practice, and now that you’re bow is sighted in and scary-accurate, you quit practicing as soon as you get serious about hunting. Big mistake. To maintain focus and ensure that your equipment hasn’t changed, keep shooting so that you’re ready when that giant you’re after finally steps out.
You forget about food.
When the rut heats up, it’s easy to focus solely on bucks. But never forget that what bucks are seeking are does—and does are focused on food. The most important question you should be asking is, What are does eating right now? If you can answer that, you’ll be into deer, no matter the phase of the rut.
You don’t sit all day.
You know that old dawn-and-dusk peak movement pattern we associate with whitetails? Well. throw that out the window when the rut gets rocking. When a mature buck finishes breeding a doe, he’s off looking for the next one, and he doesn’t check his watch before he’s up and moving again.
You don’t stick to your stand.
When you kill a buck from a stand or blind, it’s common practice to rest that spot for a few days, letting whitetails settle down after your intrusion. Toss that rule out the window during the rut, especially if a stand is in a terrain funnel. Bucks are moving so much right now that the next deer through that spot will probably have no clue you were there yesterday. So, if you don’t have an extra buck tag, put a buddy in there who does. This pair of great Illinois bucks was killed Joe Gizdic from the same stand, two days apart.
You’re too timid.
If you’re smart, you’ve stayed out of bedding areas; your chance of bumping a good buck from his safe zone is just too high during the pre-rut, and you also want those old does to feel safe. But now it’s time to take the gloves off. Your buck is going to be late getting back to bed as he chases does, and he’ll be headed to those spots where does like to sleep. This Minnesota monster was killed in a bedding area that’s only hunted during the rut.
You’re too aggressive.
Yes, you can be too timid, and too aggressive. If a big buck is going to do something stupid, he’ll do it during the rut. But you can’t bank on it. Unless a buck has a hot doe right in front of him, he’s going to act like the Survival Mensa that he is, believing his nose, ears, and eyes when they warn him of danger. So you can’t cut any corners. The best rut stands are no different than those that are effective during the early season. They need to be in great spots and well camo’d, and you need to be positioned well with the wind. Ohio bowhunter Adam Hays killed this buck with just such a setup.
You scout poorly, or quit altogether.
The rut is erratic, often progressing in fits and starts, and shifting locations. If you’re not into deer, take the midday hours and speed scout until you find hot sign (usually near feeding areas) and readjust your setups.
You don’t call or rattle.
This is my TRS (top rut screwup). I’m shocked by how many hunters carry a grunt call and rarely use it, or tote rattling antlers that never get cracked together. Whitetails are social critters, and the rut only amps up their desire for company. If a buck is not coming within range, you have nothing to lose by calling or rattling. And here’s big hint: you’re probably not calling or rattling loudly enough. I spotted this Iowa buck on neighboring property, then rattled to get his attention. He jumped two fence lines and crossed a creek to cover the 500 yards between us.
You don’t consider hunting pressure.
The firearms season coincides with the rut in many states, and that influx of pressure can influence whitetail-breeding activity. Think about it: What if a crowd suddenly started staring at, and interfering with, every effort you made to meet a lady. How would you react? You’d probably seek a little privacy. Deer do the same. When the blaze-orange mob hits the woods, look for thick, nasty, inaccessible places where most guys won’t go. That’s where the rut will be happening.
This article first appeared in Field and Stream.